Spoon module testing is a Java library that provides a fluent API for writing assertions. Its main goal is to propose an easy way to test Java source code transformation.

This module is directly integrated in the spoon project and can be used as soon as the dependency is specified in your project.

The Assert class

The Assert class is the entry point for assertion methods for different data types. Each method in this class is a static factory for the type-specific assertion objects. The purpose of this class is to make test code more readable.

All methods in this class are named assertThat and take only one argument. For example, if you use the method assertThat(File), you will be able to use the method isEqualTo(File) to check the equality between these two files.

Assert.assertThat(new File("actual.java")).isEqualTo(new File("expected.java"));

Spoon provides a way to test transformations as follows.

import static spoon.testing.Assert.assertThat;
assertThat('Foo.java').withProcessor(new AProcessor()).isEqualTo('FooTransformed.java');

Assertion Types

There are three types of assertions:

Assert type Description
FileAssert Assertions available on a file.
CtElementAssert Assertions available on a CtElement.
CtPackageAssert Assertions available between two CtPackage.

Assertion example

Let’s say that you have a processor which change the name of all fields by the name “j”.

class MyProcessor extends AbstractProcessor<CtField<?>> {
	public void process(CtField<?> element) {

To check that the transformation is well done when you apply it on a class, see the following example

final SpoonAPI spoon = new Launcher();

final CtType<Foo> type = spoon.getFactory().Type().get(Foo.class);
assertThat(type.getField("i")).withProcessor(new MyProcessor()).isEqualTo("public int j;");

Note that, method withProcessor takes as parameter either a processor instance, a processor class name, or a class object.